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suleiman the magnificent law code


Slave of God, master of the world, I am Suleiman and my name is read in all the prayers in all the cities of Islam. Following the defeat of Khosrow II's army by the Romans in 624 AD, the temple was destroyed and its importance as a pilgrimage destination rapidly declined. They even had a special word for it: the Turks called it Ture and the Mongols called it Yasa . Through his personal patronage, Suleiman also presided over the Golden Age of the Ottoman Empire, representing the pinnacle of the Ottoman Turks' cultural achievement in the realm of architecture, literature, art, theology and philosophy. He annexed most of the Middle East in his conflict with the Safavids and large swathes of North Africa as far west as Algeria. From this point onwards, this code of laws was called, kanun-i 'Osmani , or the "Ottoman laws." The mosques built by Sinan are considered the greatest architectural triumphs of Islam and possibly the world. Suleiman's conquests had brought under the control of the Empire the major Muslim cities (Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, Damascus, and Baghdad), many Balkan provinces (reaching present day Croatia and Austria), and most of North Africa. While the West knows him as Suleiman the Great or Magnificent, in his homeland he is called Kanuni - Lawgiver - thanks to his huge legal reforms and just rule. What precisely does kanun refer to since it doesn't refer to the main body of Islamic law, the The kanun refer to situational decisions that are not covered by the Shari'ah . However, it was under Suleiman that the laws took their final form; no more revisions were made after his reign. When the Ottomans abandoned the practice of killing all rivals to the throne, they began to imprison them. I am the Shah of Baghdad and Iraq, Caesar of all the lands of Rome, and the Sultan of Egypt. During this period the fire temple of Adur Gushasp (Azargoshnasb) was first constructed and it became one of the greatest religious sanctuaries of In later Sassanian times, particularly during the reigns of Khosrow-Anushirvan (531-579 AD) and Khosrow II (590-628), extensive temple facilities were erected on the northern side of the lake to accommodate the large numbers of pilgrims coming to the shrine from beyond the borders of Persia. Today the skyline of the Bosphorus, and of many cities in modern Turkey and the former Ottoman provinces, are still adorned with the architectural works of Mimar Sinan. What was compiled and released thereafter came to be known as ottoman law code. Suleiman had many titles; in inscriptions he calls himself: Slave of God, powerful with the power of God, deputy of God on earth, obeying the commands of the Qur'an and enforcing them throughout the world, master of all lands, the shadow of God over all nations, Sultan of Sultans in all the lands of Persians and Arabs, the propagator of Sultanic laws (Nashiru kawanin al-Sultaniyye ), the tenth Sultan of the Ottoman Khans, Sultan, son of Sultan, Suleiman Khan. The word used for law here, kanun, has a very specific reference. In the system of Ture and Yasa , imperial law was regarded as the essential and sacred foundation of the empire. From this point onwards, this code of laws was called, kanun-i 'Osmani , or the "Ottoman laws." The Europeans called him "The Magnificent," but the Ottomans called him Kanuni, or "The Lawgiver." Through geometry, in which the Pythagoreans and their followers saw cosmic symbolism, the hexagram and the pentagram became an expression of heaven and its reflection on earth, the divine and its reflection in creation and of the connection between heaven and earth, between the macrocosm and the microcosm, and between spirit and matter. His campaign against the Austrians took him right to the doorway of Vienna. The Ottomans understood this as belonging to Suleiman's task as universal Caliph of Islam. Suleiman allowed Hurrem Sultan to remain with him at court for the rest of her life, breaking another tradition - that when imperial heirs came of age, they would be sent along with the imperial concubine who bore them to govern remote provinces of the Empire, never to return unless their progeny succeeded to the throne.

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